The Brain Injury Association of America (BIAA) defines acquired brain injury as an injury to the brain that has occurred after birth. A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is defined as an alteration in brain function, or other evidence of brain pathology, caused by an external force. A blow to the head, a penetrating injury, and violent shaking can all result in a traumatic brain injury. For children under the age of 5, the leading causes of TBI include falls, motor vehicle accidents, and abuse. The severity of the TBI and the resulting effects vary from child to child, and some effects may be identified long after the actual injury. This is often due to the ongoing development of the young child and the changing demands and learning expectations required as the child grows. For this reason, it is important to identify children who have sustained a TBI, provide support for their individual needs, and monitor and support those needs as they change over time.
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Resources on Brain Development (external link)